Jean-louis Dessalles - Online papers

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SIMPLICITY:Simplicity Theory
EVOL.&LANG.:Evolutionary origins of language and of cognition
NARRATIVE:Cognitive modelling of interest in conversational narratives
ARGUMENTATION:Cognitive modelling of relevance in argumentative discussions
MEANING:Cognitive modelling of meaning
CONVERSATION:Cognitive modelling of spontaneous conversation
EMOTION:Cognitive modelling of emotional intensity
LEARNING:Cognitive modelling of concept learning
CONSCIOUSNESS:Qualia cannot be epiphenomenal (but the expl. gap is intact)
EMERGENCE:Emergence as complexity drop
EVOL.&INFORM.:Evolution and information

Selected topic: Cognitive modelling of emotional intensity

I am focusing, not on emotional quality, but on emotional intensity.
A major factor that controls emotional intensity is unexpectedness, as defined in Simplicity Theory.
I studied the influence of complexity drop on the emotion elicited by short stories, and more systematically on the experience of near miss.
This research naturally extends to models of moral dilemma and moral judgments.

My 3 papers about EMOTION (but see my other papers)

  1. Dessalles, J.-L. (2011). Simplicity Effects in the Experience of Near-Miss. In L. Carlson, C. Hoelscher & T. F. Shipley (Eds.), Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 408-413. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
    Near-miss experiences are one of the main sources of intense emotions. Despite people's consistency when judging near-miss situations and when communicating about them, there is no integrated theoretical account of the phenomenon. In particular, individuals' reaction to near-miss situations is not correctly predicted by rationality-based or probability-based optimization. The present study suggests that emotional intensity in the case of near-miss is in part predicted by Simplicity Theory.

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  2. Dessalles, J.-L. (2010). Emotion in good luck and bad luck: predictions from Simplicity Theory. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 1928-1933. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
    The feeling of good or bad luck occurs whenever there is an emotion contrast between an event and an easily accessible counterfactual alternative. This study suggests that cognitive simplicity plays a key role in the human ability to experience good and bad luck after the occurrence of an event.

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  3. Dessalles, J.-L. (2007). Le rôle de l'impact émotionnel dans la communication des événements. In J. Lang, Y. Lespérance, D. Sadek & N. Maudet (Eds.), Actes des journées francophones 'Modèles formels de l'interaction' (MFI-07), 113-125. Paris: Annales du LAMSADE, Université Paris Dauphine.
    Keywords: EMOTION
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