Jean-louis Dessalles - Publications

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Keys

SIMPLICITY:Simplicity Theory
EVOL.&LANG.:Evolutionary origins of language and of cognition
NARRATIVE:Cognitive modelling of interest in conversational narratives
ARGUMENTATION:Cognitive modelling of relevance in argumentative discussions
MEANING:Cognitive modelling of meaning
CONVERSATION:Cognitive modelling of spontaneous conversation
EMOTION:Cognitive modelling of emotional intensity
LEARNING:Cognitive modelling of concept learning
CONSCIOUSNESS:Qualia cannot be epiphenomenal (but the expl. gap is intact)
EMERGENCE:Emergence as complexity drop
EVOL.&INFORM.:Evolution and information

Selected topic: Emergence as complexity drop


Emergence takes place in an observer’s ‘mind’. The observer needs not be a human.
It is characterized by a sudden complexity drop when considering a collective.
Emergence can be studied in human or artificial societies, where individual agents may be aware of patterns emerging at the collective level.

My 10 papers about EMERGENCE (but see my other papers)

  1. Dessalles, J.-L., Ferber, J. & Phan, D. (2008). Emergence in agent based computational social science: conceptual, formal and diagrammatic analysis. In Y. Shyan & A. Yang (Eds.), Intelligent complex adaptive systems, 255-299. IGI Global.
    mailto:ask@dessalles.fr?subject=Paper request&body=Please send me [Emergence in agent based computational social science: conceptual, formal and diagrammatic analysis] (07061003)
    Keywords: EMERGENCE
    This chapter provides a critical survey of emergence definitions both from a conceptual and formal standpoint. The notions of downward / backward causation and weak / strong emergence are specially discussed, for application to complex social system with cognitive agents. Particular attention is devoted to the formal definitions introduced by (Müller 2004) and (Bonabeau & Dessalles, 1997), which are operative in multi-agent frameworks and make sense from both cognitive and social point of view. A diagrammatic 4-Quadrant approach, allow us to understanding of complex phenomena along both interior/exterior and individual/collective dimension.

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  2. Dessalles, J.-L., Müller, J.-P. & Phan, D. (2007). Emergence in multi-agent systems: conceptual and methodological issues. In F. Amblard & D. Phan (Eds.), Agent-based modelling and simulation in the social and human sciences, 327-355. Oxford: The Bardwell-Press.
    mailto:ask@dessalles.fr?subject=Paper request&body=Please send me [Emergence in multi-agent systems: conceptual and methodological issues] (07061006)
    Keywords: EMERGENCE
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  3. Dessalles, J.-L. & Phan, D. (2005). Emergence in multi-agent systems: Cognitive hierarchy, detection, and complexity reduction. In P. Mathieu, B. Beaufils & O. Brandouy (Eds.), Artificial Economics, 147-159. Springer LNEMS 564.
    http://www.dessalles.fr/papers/DessallesPhan2005-1.pdf
    Keywords: EMERGENCE
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  4. Bonabeau, E. & Dessalles, J.-L. (1997). Detection and emergence. Intellectica, 25 (2), 85-94.
    http://www.dessalles.fr/papers/Dessalles_98072401.pdf
    Keywords: EMERGENCE SIMPLICITY
    Two different conceptions of emergence are reconciled as two instances of the phenomenon of detection. In the process of comparing these two conceptions, we find that the notions of complexity and detection allow us to form a unified definition of emergence that clearly delineates the role of the observer.

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  5. Stewart, J., Dessalles, J.-L. & Fuhs, T. (1996). Du collectif au social - Actes des journées de Rochebrune. Paris: ENST.
    http://perso.telecom-paristech.fr/~evolang/Rochebrune/Rochebrune%201996%20-%20Du%20collectif%20au%20social.pdf
    Keywords: EMERGENCE
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  6. Theraulaz, G., Dessalles, J.-L., Fuhs, T. & Stewart, J. (1995). Evolution et organisation: hasard et contraintes dans la genèse des formes collectives - Actes des journées de Rochebrune. Paris: ENST.
    http://perso.telecom-paristech.fr/~evolang/Rochebrune/Rochebrune%201995%20-%20Evolution%20et%20Organisation.pdf
    Keywords: EMERGENCE
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  7. Bonabeau, E., Dessalles, J.-L. & Grumbach, A. (1995). Characterizing emergent phenomena (2): a conceptual framework. Revue Internationale de Systémique, 9 (3), 347-371.
    http://www.dessalles.fr/papers/Dessalles_95111452.pdf
    Keywords: EMERGENCE
    The lack of a unifying conceptual framework for representing, characterizing and dealing with emergence and emergent phenomena,led us to study the building of such a framework, based on the notions of levels of organization and of levels of detection. Information theory and concepts related to theories of complexity will help us understand the nature of emergent phenomena.

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  8. Bonabeau, E., Dessalles, J.-L. & Grumbach, A. (1995). Characterizing emergent phenomena (1): a critical review. Revue Internationale de Systémique, 9 (3), 327-346.
    http://www.dessalles.fr/papers/Dessalles_95111402.pdf
    Keywords: EMERGENCE
    Emergence seems to be a central concept in Artificial Life, Cognitive Science, and many other related domains, but the meaning of which is not really agreed upon. In this paper, we critically review some major conceptions of emergence and give some examples of phenomena that are usually considered emergent.

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  9. Dessalles, J.-L. (1993). Détection collective. Intelligence collective - Actes des journées de Rochebrune, 21-31. Megève: AFCET.
    http://www.dessalles.fr/papers/Dessalles_92121607.pdf
    Keywords: EMERGENCE
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  10. Dessalles, J.-L. (1992). Les aspects cognitifs de l'émergence. In B. Amy, J.-J. Ducret & A. Grumbach (Eds.), Actes des journées 'Emergence dans les modèles de la cognition, 47-59. Paris: ENST.
    Keywords: EMERGENCE     BibTeX

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