Real Time Multiscale Rendering of Dense Dynamic Stackings

Elie Michel and Tamy Boubekeur
Computer Graphics Forum - Proc. Pacific Graphics 2020

Real Time Multiscale Rendering of Dense Dynamic Stackings


Dense dynamic aggregates of similar elements are frequent in natural phenomena and challenging to render under full real time constraints. The optimal representation to render them changes drastically depending on the distance at which they are observed, ranging from sets of detailed textured meshes for near views to point clouds for distant ones. Our multiscale representation use impostors to achieve the mid-range transition from mesh-based to point-based scales. To ensure a visual continuum, the impostor model should match as closely as possible the mesh on one side, and reduce to a single pixel response that equals point rendering on the other. In this paper, we propose a model based on rich spherical impostors, able to combine precomputed as well as dynamic procedural data, and offering seamless transitions from close instanced meshes to distant points. Our approach is architectured around an on-the-fly discrimination mechanism and intensively exploits the rough spherical geometry of the impostor proxy. In particular, we propose a new sampling mechanism to reconstruct novel views from the precomputed ones, together with a new conservative occlusion culling method, coupled with a two-pass rendering pipeline leveraging early-Z rejection. As a result, our system scales well and is even able to render sand, while supporting completely dynamic stackings.




  title = "Real Time Multiscale Rendering of Dense Dynamic Stackings", 
  author = "Michel, {\'{E}}lie and Boubekeur, Tamy", 
  year = "2020", 
  journal = "Computer Graphics Forum (Proc. Pacific Graphics 2020)",
  number = "7",
  volume = "39",
  pages  = "169-179",
  doi = {},

Related projects

An early version of this work was presented as a poster at ACM I3D 2020: Real Time Multi-Scale Sand Rendering, Elie Michel and Tamy Boubekeur, ACM SIGGRAPH Symposium on Interactive 3D Graphics and Games, and received the Best Poster Award.